Bursitis causes an individual to feel ongoing pain and tenderness around the inflamed area, which typically surrounds a major joint, according to Medical News Today. The affected area may become swollen and increasingly sore, often leading to a restricted range of motion. Continued movement usually worsens the existing pain symptoms.
Mayo Clinic suggests consulting a physician when bursitis symptoms become disabling or cause sharp pain during physical activity. Severe rashes, bruising, fever or pain lasting longer than two weeks may also indicate that the condition requires medical attention.
Bursitis is triggered by the inflammation of fluid-filled sacs known as bursae, according to Medical News Today. The human body contains approximately 160 bursae, which add protective cushioning and lubrication between joints and the surrounding tendons, muscles and bones. Bursitis increases friction around the joint and interferes with ease of movement, limiting the amount of pressure the affected area can withstand. The condition commonly occurs after injury or physical strain, and it develops near the shoulders, hips, knees, ankles, thighs and other major joints.
Bursitis can also be a symptom of an existing medical condition, such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout, according to Mayo Clinic. People who work in physically demanding jobs or perform repetitive motions on a daily basis, such as those required by gardening or playing an instrument, have a high risk of developing inflamed bursae.