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What are the symptoms of bronchiectasis?

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Symptoms of bronchiectasis include chest pain, coughing that's worse when lying down, shortness of breath, coughing up heavy amounts of mucus and abnormal chest sounds. To determine if an individual has bronchiectasis, a chest X-ray, sputum culture and lung function test are all performed, according to the American Lung Association.

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Bronchiectasis occurs when the airways in the lungs are unusually stretched and widened because of mucus blockage. The more mucus backs up and blocks those airways, the higher the risk for infection. This condition can occur as a birth defect or as something secondary to another disease or injury. As of June 2015, there is no cure for bronchiectasis, but it can be managed with physical therapy, mucus thinners, antibiotics for infection and bronchodilator medicines, according to the American Lung Association.

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