Signs and symptoms of brain atrophy include seizures, dementia, difficulty with reading or speaking, and loss of motor control, according to HealthGrades. Dementia presents itself with memory loss and difficulty carrying out daily tasks and often worsens as the brain continues to atrophy.
Brain atrophy, also known as cerebral atrophy, is the process of losing brain cells as time goes by. It can affect the whole brain or just a section of it, and the effects are often a decrease in brain mass and difficulties with neurological functions. The exact symptoms vary with the site of the brain affected, notes HealthGrades.
Causes of brain atrophy include such brain injuries as stroke and such neurological conditions as cerebral palsy, Huntington's disease or Alzheimer's disease. Brain infections also cause atrophy and necrosis in the brain cells, reports HealthGrades.
The pace of brain atrophy varies widely with the underlying cause. It becomes life-threatening over time, and as of 2015, no cure exists. Treatments focus on managing complications and symptoms. If the atrophy is the result of an infection, treating that cause often keeps the atrophy from worsening. People experiencing such severe symptoms as loss of consciousness or seizures should seek immediate medical attention, as stated by HealthGrades.