The symptoms of myelodysplastic syndrome or MDS include fatigue, abnormal bleeding, breath shortness and a pale skin, according to WebMD. Typically, these symptoms occur during the later stages of myelodysplastic syndrome because the condition rarely manifests during its initial stages.
Myelodysplastic syndrome is a blood disorder in which there is production of abnormal blood cells by the bone marrow, as WebMD explains. The cells can either be abnormal in shape or small in number. Over time, this condition can deteriorate and develop into cancer known as acute myeloid leukemia depending on the type of myelodysplastic syndrome that an individual suffers from.
In diagnosing myelodysplastic syndrome, a doctor may seek to know the symptoms that a patient experiences as well as the patient's medical history of other diseases, says WebMD. Once this information is known, the patient may undergo a physical examination for the diagnosis of underlying medical conditions that may be responsible for the symptoms. The examination involves using a microscope to determine the quantity of various cell types in the patient's blood sample or analysing a bone marrow sample.
To treat myelodysplastic syndrome, a doctor may recommend chemotherapy drugs, blood transfusion, anti-infection antibiotics and stem cell transplant, states WebMD. However, stem cell transplant is the sole method that guarantees effective treatment. Additionally, a doctor recommends a suitable treatment method based on the type of myelodysplastic syndrome that a patient has as well as the seriousness of the condition.