Symptoms of a blood clot in the brain may be paralysis, dizziness, headaches and trouble with speech, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Symptoms may also include vision problems and weakness in the arms, legs or face, according to the American Society of Hematology.
A clot in the brain can cut off the blood supply and cause a stroke, explains the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Brain cells begin to die after the brain’s blood supply has been cut off for over a few minutes. The effects of a stroke may include long-term disability, brain damage, paralysis or death.
Ischemic strokes are caused by blood clots and account for approximately 87 percent of all strokes, notes the American Stroke Association. Ischemic strokes can be caused by a clot that forms in the brain or a clot that forms in another location that blocks the brain’s blood supply. The underlying cause of these blood clots is atherosclerosis, which creates fatty deposits along the lining of blood vessel walls.
An individual experiencing symptoms of a blood clot in the brain should visit a doctor immediately, according to the American Society of Hematology. Treatment for blood clots varies according to the individual’s health and the location of the clot. As of 2015, some treatments for blood clots are a thrombectomy, thrombolytic medications, anticoagulant medications and catheter-directed thrombolysis.