The symptoms of a bladder infection include bloody urine, pain during urination, cloudy urine, smelly urine, frequent urination, low fever and cramping on the lower back, states Healthline. Most of these symptoms occur depending on the underlying cause of bladder infections. In elderly people, the symptoms are usually linked to aging.
The most common symptom of a bladder infection is a burning sensation when passing urine, explains WebMD. Patients may experience a frequent urge to urinate. However, they may pass small amounts of urine despite this urge to urinate. They may also feel the need to urinate at night, reports Drugs.com.
Bacteria in the bladder can cause pus that clouds the urine, reports MedicineNet. The bladder may bleed, causing traces of blood in the urine. The urine may have an unusually strong and unpleasant smell. Bedwetting in children who do not normally wet their beds is another symptom of a bladder infection. Children who have bladder infections may appear fussy and lethargic.
Bladder infections also commonly cause pain in the abdomen, notes MedicineNet. Men may have pain around the rectum, and women may experience pain around the pubic bone. Patients with complicated bladder infections often have additional symptoms, such as chills, fevers and nausea, explains Drugs.com. They may have flank pain, back pain and confusion. These symptoms often indicate that the bacteria have spread to the blood or the kidneys.
Also known as bladder inflammation or cystitis, bladder infections are conditions caused by bacteria. They tend to affect women more than men, according to WebMD. At least half of all women have experienced a bladder infection at some point in their lives. In men, the risk of getting a bladder infection heightens with age due to an increase in prostrate size. It is not yet well known why women are more vulnerable to bladder infections than men. Bladder infections occur due to the entry of a bacteria through the urethra that travels to the bladder.
Treatment of bladder infections is easy, but some cases tend to be recurrent. In rare cases, recurring bladder infections may cause kidney infections, notes WebMD. Therefore, it is necessary to treat any underlying causes of bladder infections effectively to prevent recurrence. Lifestyle changes may be recommended by a doctor to prevent bladder infections.