WebMD sites the symptoms of basal cell carcinoma as the appearance of a small pink, brown, black or flesh-colored bump or patches of shiny or waxy and hard skin growth. These growths tend to bleed easily and are sometimes round and high like domes. The American Academy of Dermatology states that in rare cases, these growths are painful or itchy. If left untreated, they can destroy skin and bone tissue.
The American Academy of Dermatology refers to basal cell carcinoma as the most common form of skin cancer. It is found with most frequency on parts of the body that are exposed to the sun or tanning beds. Those who use tanning beds are prone to develop this disease at a younger age and with more frequency. Basal cell carcinoma is slow growing and easily treatable.
According to WebMD, a biopsy of the growth is taken and sent for examination at a lab for diagnosis. If cancer cells are present, the tumor is destroyed or removed surgically. Destruction comes in the form of cryotherapy, where cells are frozen with liquid nitrogen, or radiation in which X-rays are applied to the area over a course of weeks. Medication is also used, both topically and orally.