Symptoms associated with bladder stones are abdominal pain, urinary incontinence, frequent urination, and bloody or cloudy urine, according to Healthline. Urination can also cause pain for both men and women who have bladder stones.
Bladder stones are made up of crystallized minerals that cause pain when passed through the ureters, explains Healthline. Sometimes kidney stones travel from the kidneys to the bladder that, if not passed immediately, become bladder stones. The longer bladder stones remain in the bladder, the bigger they get. If the bladder stones get too large to pass naturally, they need to be removed through surgery.
Bladder stones occur for a variety of reasons, some of which are secondary conditions such as an enlarged prostate gland, neurogenic bladder and weak bladder, according to Healthline. Individuals who are prone to bladder infections are also more likely to develop bladder stones. However, although women get more bladder infections than men, more men develop bladder stones because of enlarged prostate glands. When it is enlarged, the prostate exerts pressure on the urethra, interfering with urine flow.
When a individual does not entirely release all urine due to an enlarged prostate gland interfering with flow or a neurogenic bladder that doesn't receive messages correctly from the brain, the urine crystallizes and forms bladder stones, explains Healthline. A weak bladder can bulge out and also store urine, allowing it to collect and crystallize into stones.