Symptoms of an aspergillus infection, or aspergillosis, depend upon the type of the disease but generally include coughing up blood or mucus plugs, as Mayo Clinic states. Additional symptoms include shortness of breath, fever and fatigue. Types of aspergillosis include chronic pulmonary aspergillosis, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.
People with cystic fibrosis or asthma may contract allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, which can worsen symptoms of asthma, notes Mayo Clinic. Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis occurs when fungus fibers twist and develop in lung cavities. Symptoms of the disease include unexpected weight loss and wheezing.
An aspergillus infection may spread to the skin, brain, heart or kidneys, causing invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, which is the most serious type of aspergillosis, explains Mayo Clinic. Symptoms include extreme lung bleeding, chest pain, joint pain, swelling of the face on one side and headache. Weakened immune system is a risk factor for the disease.
People with weakened immune system should seek immediate medical attention if they experience sudden fever, shortness of breath or cough that comes along with blood, reports Mayo Clinic. Treatment, which depends upon the type of the disease, includes observation, taking antifungal medications, such as voriconazole, and taking oral corticosteroids to reduce the symptoms of asthma and cystic fibrosis. Surgery may help treat a bleeding lung.