The symptoms associated with arthralgia, which is referred to as joint pain, can include inflammation, redness, tenderness and stiffness in the affected joint, as noted by MedicineNet. The different causes of arthralgia include different types of arthritis, an injury, infections and certain medications.
Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis can cause joint pain. However, with rheumatoid arthritis, swelling and stiffness can also develop in joints, while there is little or no inflammation present with osteoarthritis, as stated by WebMD. Additionally, symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis can manifest on both sides of the body, and this does not usually occur with osteoarthritis. These conditions also require different treatments.
Similarly, other types of arthritic conditions, including infectious arthritis and gout may cause pain in joints, but each of these conditions can also have other different accompanying symptoms. With gout, there is a buildup of uric crystals that can lead to other symptoms, such as warmth, swelling and redness in the affected joint that is often the big toe. Infectious arthritis is caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi that usually spread from another area of the body to a joint. This leads to a joint infection in which there may be joint pain, inflammation, chills and fever, notes the Arthritis Foundation.