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What are the symptoms of aortic stenosis?

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The symptoms of aortic stenosis are faintness after exertion, shortness of breath, tiredness, heart murmur, heart palpitation and chest pain. However, mild forms of aortic valve stenosis often go undetected because symptoms often do not appear until the narrowing of the aorta is severe, notes Mayo Clinic.

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Doctors often diagnose aortic valve stenosis before it causes symptoms by noticing a heart murmur during a routine physical, according to Mayo Clinic. They may also notice a thickening of the left ventricle wall during an ultrasound. Doctors who suspect aortic stenosis use echocardiograms to determine the progression of the disease and the need for treatment, notes the American Heart Association.

While this narrowing of the aorta valve is a possible congenital heart defect, it's more common for adults over the age of 60 to be diagnosed with this disease. Scarring or calcium deposits can damage the valve as people age, but aortic stenosis symptoms that can be detected by the patient may not occur for over 10 years, states the American Heart Association.

Aortic stenosis treatments include heart valve replacements and repairs. If ignored, aortic stenosis can lead to heart failure, but proper treatment can delay or reverse the disease's advancement, according to the American Heart Association.

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