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What are the symptoms of aortic sclerosis?

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Typical symptoms of aortic sclerosis include shortness of breath, chest pain, abnormal heartbeat, feeling tired and an abnormal heart sound as it beats. Children may not have any noticeable symptoms, and if they do, the symptoms may include poor appetite, breathing difficulties, becoming fatigued very easily and an inability to put on weight, according to Healthline.

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Aortic stenosis is where the aortic valve narrows. This condition prevents the valve from opening properly, causing the heart to work harder in pumping blood to the aorta and to various parts of the body. This condition can cause heart problems if left untreated, notes Mayo Clinic.

Pressure develops when the heart muscles pump and force blood through the narrowed aortic valve, causing the demand for oxygen by heart muscles to increase more than normal, causing chest pain. Shortness of breath is a common symptom and occurs due a rise in pressure in the lung blood vessels. The narrowing of the aortic valve may also cause an insufficient supply of oxygen in the inner heart muscle lining, causing abnormal heart rhythms, chest pain or death, explains MedicineNet.

It is not clear why some people develop aortic stenosis, and doctors do not consider this condition preventable in most cases. Risk factors include a deformed aortic valve, previous rheumatic fever, chronic kidney disease and buildup of calcium deposits on the heart valves, states Mayo Clinic.

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