Common symptoms of acute pharyngitis include a sore throat, difficulty swallowing or a scratchy feeling in the back of the throat, explains Healthline. Many people also experience a headache, runny nose, body aches and chills when inflicted with acute pharyngitis.
Sneezing, coughing and low-grade fevers are also symptoms of acute pharyngitis, according to Healthline. Some patients experience a loss of appetite, swollen lymph nodes and rashes with the condition. Acute pharyngitis develops due to inflammation of the back of the throat, also known as the pharynx.
Acute pharyngitis is most commonly caused by viral infections and bacterial infections that attack the body, according to Healthline. Viral infections such as mononucleosis, influenza and the common cold are the most common viral infections that cause acute pharyngitis. Bacterial infections such as strep throat, chlamydia and gonorrhea can also cause patients to develop acute pharyngitis. People with frequent sinus infections, allergies and individuals exposed to second-hand smoke are more at risk for developing pharyngitis symptoms.
Treatment for acute pharyngitis is based on the cause of the condition, explains Healthline. Individuals with a bacterial infection are treated with antibiotics. Home care is recommended for acute pharyngitis caused by a viral infection. Patients can take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to reduce fever and pain, drink fluids, rest and gargle with warm salt water to treat the symptoms of the condition.