Surgical treatments for olecranon bursitis differ depending on whether or not the elbow's bursa sac is infected, states the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. When an infected bursa sac does not improve through the use of antibiotics, it may require complete removal.
Most surgical procedures for infected bursa sacs are performed on an inpatient basis, which requires a hospital stay. If a bursa sac does not show infection but still requires surgical removal, it is usually an outpatient procedure, reports the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Most cases of bursa sac surgery of the elbow do not require prolonged periods of rest or physical therapy, but specific exercises can improve range of motion. Following surgery, the bursa sac takes several months to grow back and function as normal.