While surgical treatment for bone spurs exists, orthopedists typically turn to it as a last resort after other treatment options prove unsuccessful. Surgical options include osteotomy, or removal of part of the bone, and arthroplasty, or joint replacement, according to the Baltimore Sun.
Because bone spurs are typically a result of an underlying cause such as arthritis, degenerative disc disease or osteoporosis, physicians usually try to treat the main condition first. Treatment focuses on preventing joint damage and minimizing pain, as University Orthopedics explains. Non-surgical treatments include weight loss, physical therapy, injections, stretching and application of ice. Surgery is only done in the event of serious joint damage or deformity.