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What are some surgical techniques used to repair a cystocele?

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Surgical techniques to repair a cystocele include tightening the muscles and ligaments of the pelvic floor and removing any excess tissue, Mayo Clinic explains. When the vaginal tissue is very thin, surgeons may also perform a tissue graft to reinforce the vaginal wall. If a prolapsed uterus is also present with a cystocele, doctors may also recommend the surgical removal of the uterus.

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Surgery is only usually necessary for severe cases of cystocele, says Mayo Clinic. Symptoms of cystocele include discomfort, repeated bladder infections, a feeling of pressure, pain during sexual intercourse or urinary discharge during sexual intercourse. Treatments for mild to moderate cases of cystocele include the use of a pessary, a supportive insert for the vagina, and estrogen therapy. Estrogen therapy is especially helpful after menopause because a lack of estrogen can cause weakness in the pelvic muscles.

A cystocele is a condition where the wall between the vagina and the bladder collapses and allows the bladder to protrude into the vagina, Mayo Clinic explains. It is also known as anterior prolapse or prolapsed bladder. Straining the muscles of the pelvic organs increases the risk of cystocele. Causes of such strain include violent coughing, chronic constipation, heavy lifting and vaginal childbirth.

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