Surgery is a very common method of stabilizing one's spine after it has been fractured, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. However, the requirement for surgery depends on the type of fracture present.
Surgery to stabilize the spine is usually necessary for fractures that are classified as unstable burst fractures, states the AAOS. These fractures usually cause either a sharp loss in the patient's height, excessive bending or angulation where the spine is injured. Unstable burst fractures can also cause significant nerve trauma or contain numerous bone fragments around the injured site. The procedure for stabilizing the spine is called laminectomy and involves the removal of all objects pressing against the spinal cord.