A hysterectomy is a surgery that removes both the cervix and the uterus to treat painful conditions, cancers and infections. Reasons for having a hysterectomy include adenomyosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine prolapse and endometriosis, states Healthline.
Complete or total hysterectomy, partial or subtotal hysterectomy and radical hysterectomy are the three types of hysterectomies, according to the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. A partial hysterectomy removes a portion of the uterus, a total hysterectomy removes both the uterus and cervix, and a radical hysterectomy removes the uterus, cervix and fallopian tubes and ovaries, says Healthline. After C-section, hysterectomy is the most common surgical operation on women in the U.S., as of 2015, says the Office on Women's Health.