Three surgical options exist for the treatment of mitral valve prolapse: repair, replacement and a minimally invasive option, according to cardiac surgeons at UC San Francisco. Surgeons prefer to repair the mitral valve because this option does not weaken the heart, and it causes less complications after surgery.
If the prolapse is severe, the valve can be replaced with a biological or mechanical valve. Patients who receive a mechanical valve replacement must take blood thinning medication for the rest of their lives. UCSF surgeons state that Mitral valve prolapse can also be treated with a minimally invasive surgery that involves fewer cuts, less scarring and less blood loss. This option results in shorter hospital stays and faster recuperation times.