Groin hernia surgery is surgery to repair a hernia in the groin region, according to WebMD. The hernia bulges through a weak spot in the muscle wall and can become problematic in some instances if not corrected surgically. Surgery involves sewing the edges of the muscle tissue together or using synthetic material to patch the hole through open or laparoscopic surgery.
In open hernia surgery, direct hernias are pushed back into position, while indirect hernias that are developing in the inguinal canal are tired off and removed or pushed back. Small hernias can easily be repaired by sewing the healthy muscle tissue edges in a herniorrhaphy procedure, but larger hernias may require the use of patches that are sewn over the weakened spot in the wall of the abdomen, as stated by WebMD.
Laparoscopic surgery to correct inguinal or groin hernias is a less invasive procedure that uses small instruments that pass through tiny incisions in the abdominal wall, as noted by the University of California Department of Surgery. During surgery, the surgeon pushes the hernia back into position and repairs the tearing before placing mesh over the area for reinforcement. This type of repair offers advantages for the patient, including faster recovery time, shorter hospital stay and less pain during recuperation.