Primary supplies needed during an emergency are food and water, according to Ready.gov. The website recommends a three-day supply of water, or a gallon per individual per day, and a three-day supply of non-perishable foods. Other necessities are a whistle for signaling help, flashlight, a first aid kit, seven days of medication, and contact information in the event of separation during an emergency. It also helps to have birth certificates, medical information and other personal documents, states the Red Cross.
It is important to have non-perishable foods that do not require cooking, refrigeration or too much water. Protein bars, dry cereal, peanut butter, and canned and ready-to-consume foods are examples of non-perishables, says the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Some crucial items in a first aid kit include sterile gloves and dressings, antibiotic and burn ointments, cleansing products, over-the-counter pain and stomach relievers, and prescribed medications.
Depending on family circumstances, individuals may also need an emergency supply of food and water for pets, extra money, and bottles, formula and diapers for infants. If individuals reside in a cold climate, blankets and other items for warmth are necessary, notes Ready.gov. A dust mask for preventing inhalation of contaminated air, fire extinguishers, matches and bleach are useful items in emergency circumstances, explains the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.