When a patient has a low bone density, his doctor may suggest using vitamin D and calcium supplements. If the bone density indicates osteoporosis, the doctor and patient may decide to use medication to prevent fractures, according to Mayo Clinic.Continue Reading
Everyone experiences bone loss due to aging. The body begins to break down bone faster than it is able to replace it, according to WebMD. The breakdown causes the loss of minerals as bones become lighter and more brittle in a condition known as osteopenia. If the bone loss continues, the bones take on a honeycomb texture and become fragile in a condition known as osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is most common in women over age 65 but also affects men, indicates WebMD. When bone density is lower than normal, use of supplements and exercise builds bone strength to reduce the chances of a fracture.
Doctors use special types of X-rays or computerized tomography scans to test bone density. As of 2015, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry offers the most accurate measure of bone density, reports WebMD. DEXA uses two X-ray beams to measure bone density. Doctors using DEXA are able to detect as little as 2 percent bone loss per year. The scans are quick, and the radiation dose from DEXA is low.Learn more about Vitamins & Supplements