Gout is a chronic condition for which no cure exists, as of 2015, according to the Arthritis Foundation. Successful treatment options to manage the symptoms of gout include changes in diet and medication.
Doctors use medications to treat the immediate effects of an attack of gout, prevent further attacks and lower the risk of complications from the condition, according to Mayo Clinic. Proven medications used to treat gout include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, colchicine and corticosteroids. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and colchicine help with attacks of gout, and patients can take smaller, daily doses to reduce a repeat attack. Colchicine also reduces pain from gout. Corticosteroids reduce the pain along with the inflammation, and these are generally recommended by doctors for people unable to take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or colchicine.
To block gout complications caused by uric acid production, doctors may prescribe medications such as xanthine oxidase inhibitors, according to Mayo Clinic. Drugs such as probenecid aid in the removal of uric acid.
Recommended lifestyle changes that can successfully treat gout include reducing the intake of alcohol and beverages high in fructose; reducing consumption of red meats, seafood, organ meats and other foods high in purines; and losing weight through regular exercise, as explained by Mayo Clinic.