Individuals commonly get strep throat when an infected person sneezes, coughs or shakes hands with them, according to TeensHealth. Sharing food or drinks with an infected person is another typical way to get a strep throat, says Mayo Clinic.Continue Reading
Streptococcus pyogenes, or group A streptococcus, is the bacteria responsible for causing strep throat, explains Mayo Clinic. These bacteria are extremely contagious, spreading through airborne droplets when an infected individual coughs or sneezes. People also contract the disease when the Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria transfer to the eyes, nose or mouth after touching any surface teeming with the bacteria. People with strep throat tend to suffer a sore and scratchy throat. The bacterial infection affects individuals of all ages but commonly occurs in children between 5 and 15 years old.
The symptoms of strep throat include difficulty in swallowing; red and white throat patches; soft, swollen glands on the sides of the neck; headache; and red, large tonsils, states TeensHealth. Fever, stomach pain, rash, lack of appetite and a feeling of weakness are other symptoms.
Unlike other sore throats that clear up on their own, strep throat requires medical treatment that often involves antibiotics, notes TeensHealth. Proper medication, rest and lots of water are essential in treating the disease. To avoid getting a strep throat, wash hands frequently.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases