Some of the street names associated with benzodiazepines include "benzos," "tranx" and "sleepers," according to the Addiction Help Center. Benzodiazepines are a commonly abused and potentially addictive prescription drug whose brand names include Xanax, Valium and Klonipin. They are usually prescribed for anxiety or panic attacks and are occasionally prescribed for seizures, states Narconon.
Benzodiazepines are classified as depressant drugs that create a tranquilizing effect. Users can develop a tolerance to this effect so that more of the drug is required in order to achieve the same result. Benzodiazepines have the potential for negative side effects with repeated use or when taken in large doses, including amnesia, an increase in hostile behavior, nightmares, and tolerance or physical dependence. Benzodiazepines cause driving-related mistakes that are similar to those experienced under the influence of alcohol, reports Narconon. It is dangerous to consume these drugs in conjunction with other nervous system depressants such as alcohol.
Benzodiazepine addiction results in withdrawal when drug use ceases. The withdrawal symptoms associated to benzodiazepines include anxiety, difficulty walking, aberrant skin sensations such as tingling or burning, and sleep disturbances. Pregnant women who take benzodiazepines risk exposing the developing fetus to the drug, which can result in complications such as withdrawal symptoms and muscular disorders in the infant, notes Narconon.