Belly inflation, or bloating, is caused by overeating, eating too fast and eating rich and fatty foods that are difficult to digest. Gas buildup in the abdomen caused by the slow digestion of food is also a cause of bloating, according to WebMD.
Foods that are difficult to digest include beans, sweeteners, whole grains and lentils. In addition, dairy products cause bloating in individuals with lactose intolerance. Not consuming fruits and vegetables such as Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, apricots and prunes also decreases the likelihood of bloating, lists WebMD. Avoid drinking through a straw, chewing gum, sucking hard candy and consuming carbonated drinks to decrease the risk of gas buildup in the abdomen.
Temporary bloating is normal, and it is treated by over-the-counter medications. Medications that include alpha-D-galactosidase help prevent bloating related to certain foods, states WebMD. Tablets containing simethicone reduce the symptoms brought on by excess gas. Avoid smoking, as it is linked to bloating and other digestive issues.
Frequent bloating needs to be evaluated by a doctor. Causes of persistent bloating include stomach blockages, impaired muscle function in the digestive tract and enlargement of an abdominal organ. Treatment for these issues typically includes medications and surgery, reports WebMD.