Stretching and massaging the muscle can help ease cramping, according to WebMD. Afterwards, using a combination of ice and heat on the affected area can numb pain and relax any lingering tightness. If muscle soreness persists, a nonprescription anti-inflammatory, such as ibuprofen, can reduce pain, adds Healthline.Continue Reading
Self-care measures are usually sufficient to treat muscle cramps, states WebMD. Applying ice after a strong spasm can reduce pain. Wrap an ice pack in a thin cloth, and apply to the skin for 10 minutes at a time, suggests About.com. Repeat as needed, making sure that the skin is allowed to return to normal temperature between sessions.
Use heat to relax tight muscles and treat the deep soreness often experienced with cramping. Wrap a hot pack with a thin cloth, and apply to the skin for 15 to 20 minutes at a time, advises About.com. To avoid burns, never fall asleep with a heating pad, nor use heat for more than 20 minutes at a time.
Muscle cramps can occur for a variety of reasons and sometimes for no reason at all, explains MedlinePlus. Some of the more common causes include overuse of the muscle, dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, pregnancy and nerve damage from injury or disease. Certain medications may also cause muscle cramping as a side effect. Treating the underlying causes of muscle cramping can reduce their frequency.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases