Mild testicular pain can be treated at home with over-the-counter pain medication and by placing an ice pack on the scrotum, according to WebMD. The individual should also wear underwear that is supportive and avoid all strenuous activities.
There are some instances in which testicular pain requires emergency medical attention, explains WebMD. A man should seek immediate medical help if the pain is severe and radiates into the abdomen or if it is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, painful urination or urinary urgency. He should also seek immediate help if the scrotum is swollen or bruised or if the testicle or scrotum has ruptured.
It is important to follow up with a doctor any time that a man experiences pain in the testicles, according to WebMD, and even mild pain should be addressed. Generally, the doctor examines the testicles and scrotum visually before potentially ordering any urine or blood tests to check for infection. The results of the tests determine what type of treatment is necessary.
Common causes of testicular pain include injury, infection and testicular torsion, according to MedlinePlus. Mild pain in the testicles may also be caused by enlarged veins, a cyst, fluid in the testicles or a hernia. Kidney stones may also cause pain in the testicles.