It may not be possible to stop spotting entirely, but preventative measures, such as exercising often, losing weight, eating a healthy diet and reducing stress levels, can help manage the frequency, according to Healthline. Women who are on birth control need to maintain consistent medication dosages to keep hormones balanced.
Spotting occurs at some point in most women's lives, but there are times when frequent spotting can indicate a serious underlying health condition, explains Healthline. Examples include hormonal imbalances caused by thyroid complications, dysfunctional ovaries and birth control irregularities. It is possible for spotting to occur due to an infection in any of the reproductive organs, such as sexually transmitted diseases, pelvic inflammatory disease and douching. Miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies can also cause spotting as a symptom as can uterine fibroids and polyps. In more serious cases, cancer of the uterus, cervix, ovaries or vagina may be the cause of a woman's abnormal bleeding.
Women should visit a doctor or gynecologist to assess their symptoms and perform any tests necessary to diagnose the underlying cause of spotting. Treatments vary according to a doctor's diagnosis. Spotting may be a medical emergency if a woman is pregnant or experiences accompanying symptoms, such as dizziness, extreme pain, fever or fatigue, explains Healthline.