Although stopping the craving for alcohol may be difficult, some ways to reduce the cravings include using FDA-approved medications such as antiabuse and naltrexone, and attending psychological and social intervention programs, according to WebMD. Eating foods fiber-rich complex carbohydrates and dopamine-enhancing foods also reduce alcohol cravings, states SFGate.Continue Reading
Antiabuse medication acts as an enzyme inhibitor, which reduces alcohol cravings by ensuring that the body does not produce an enzyme that facilitates alcohol absorption in the body, notes WebMD. The absence of the enzyme results in the accumulation of acetaldehyde in the body, which causes negative effects such as palpitations and nausea, hence discouraging the consumption of alcohol. However, because these effects result from using the drug, some individuals quit taking the drug instead of quitting alcohol.
Naltrexone, on the other hand, blocks the brain's endorphin receptors, explains WebMD. The blockage reduces pleasure derived from alcohol, discouraging alcohol intake. Fiber-rich complex carbohydrates that may help reduce craving for alcohol include whole-grain breads, legumes and cereals. They work by maintaining stable blood glucose levels, reports SFGate. Dopamine-enhancing foods, on the other hand, reduce alcohol craving by raising the levels of dopamine, which is a brain chemical that increases and reduces alcohol craving when its level is low or high, respectively. Foods that raise dopamine include sunflower seeds and bananas.Learn more about Health