Although there may not be a quick fix for breakthrough bleeding when taking birth control pills, it is recommended that patients contact a physician if the bleeding is heavy or persists for more than seven days, according to Mayo Clinic. Continue taking birth control pills as directed by a physician.
Breakthrough bleeding often decreases in consistency over time, explains Mayo Clinic. However, even with breakthrough bleeding while taking birth control pills, patients should track the bleeding in a journal or on a calendar to present to a physician and monitor if the breakthrough bleeding decreases over time. Patients experiencing breakthrough bleeding can also ask their physician if it is necessary to stop taking birth control pills for a few days to alleviate the breakthrough bleeding.
For example, if a woman takes the pill for 21 days, a three-day break from the pill may bring about bleeding that is more consistent with a monthly period versus breakthrough bleeding. After the three-day break, she can then resume taking the pill for 21 days. If the patient smokes, contact a physician for smoking cessation suggestions as women who smoke may experience more breakthrough bleeding than women who do not smoke, notes Mayo Clinic.