How do you stop bleeding after surgery?


Quick Answer

It is possible to stop post-surgery bleeding by giving the patient blood components to help the blood clot, such as plasma, clotting factors or plasma, says Drugs.com. Bleeding is also stopped through antifibrinolytic drugs or surgery that repairs either the area that is hemorrhaging or the ruptured blood vessels.

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Full Answer

Antifibrinolytic medications include tranexamic acid, or TXA, according to PubMed Health. This drug stops bleeding by helping the blood to clot and preventing the clots from disintegrating. The drug also reduces the need for blood transfusions in patients who have had elective surgery by about 30 percent. Other antifibrinolytic drugs include aminomethylbenzoic acid and epsilon-aminocaproic acid, says PubChem.

Surgeons whose patients start to hemorrhage after abdominal surgery need to clear the area of blood and hematomas, and repair any damaged blood vessels with shunts, clamps or sutures, according to Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery. If the patient's hollow organs are bleeding, the surgeon can stop the bleeding with sutures or surgical staples, and pack the area with pads. The surgeon closes up the abdomen if possible and uses sterile mesh, intravenous bags and other techniques to try to control the bleeding.

After this step, the medical team takes the patient to the intensive care unit and keeps him warm, says Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery. They assess and correct his blood chemistry, and when he is stable, the medical team returns him to the operating room for more surgery.

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