According to eMedicineHealth, a tear in the lining of the stomach or in the esophagus is called a Mallory-Weiss tear. These types of tears occur often after vomiting. However, they are also caused by straining, childbirth, forceful coughing and seizures. They are often found in people who binge drink.
Patient.co.uk says that Mallory-Weiss tears happen to people of any age, but they are more common in people who are in their 40s and 50s. This condition is more common in men than women. It is also common in people with a hiatus hernia, a condition in which the stomach pushes its way into the upper chest due to a defect with the diaphragm. The diaphragm is a flat muscle that helps separate the lung from the abdomen.