The treatment options for stomach polyps depends on the types and sizes of the polyps, according to Mayo Clinic. If the polyps are small, the doctor is likely to monitor them without treatment, and an endoscopy can remove others. Physicians treat polyps caused by a bacterial infection with antibiotics.
Most of the time, stomach polyps are noncancerous, Mayo Clinic reports. Unless stomach polyps cause symptoms, physicians usually just monitor them. It is sometimes necessary to remove large tumors, and doctors do this during an endoscopy. Doctors usually remove polyps called adenomas and those associated with familial adenomatous polyposis as well.
An H. pylori bacterial infection in the stomach causes hyperplastic polyps, Mayo Clinic explains. Antibiotics treat these polyps, shrinking them over time. It usually takes several weeks of antibiotic treatment to eliminate the infection.
Stomach polyps are most common in people over age 50, Mayo Clinic says. The rare inherited condition called familial adenomatous polyposis gastroesophageal can also cause stomach polyps. Medications for gastroesophageal reflux disease are also linked to the development of fundic gland polyps.
Symptoms of stomach polyps include nausea, vomiting, tender stomach and bleeding, according to Healthline; however, most of the time there are no symptoms. Physicians generally order biopsies of stomach polyps.