Doctors use options such as medications, diuretics and injections to treat infections of the inner ear before recommending surgery, says the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. Inner ear surgery involves making an incision on the implicated ear to expose and treat the mastoid bone or the labyrinth.
Doctors treat problems associated with the inner ear by medications such as diazepam, lorazepam or glycopyrrolate. They may also advise patients to limit dietary salt and take diuretics to lower pressure in the inner ear, says the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. Inner ear treatment also involves behavioral and dietary changes such as avoiding smoking or the intake of caffeine, chocolate and alcohol. Other treatments involve injecting antibiotics to the inner ear or using pressure pulse treatment.
Doctors use surgery when the other treatments of the inner ear fail. In endolymphatic sac decomposition surgery, surgeons make an incision on the involved ear to expose the mastoid bone and drain the endolymphatic sac. To cure vertigo, ear surgeons expose the labyrinth and the semicircular canals through which they eliminate the nerve that controls balance, according to the Ear Surgery Information Center. When the patient has a substantial hearing capability, surgeons use vestibular neurectomy, which involves the discrete sectioning of the nerve that controls balance at its exit point from the brain.