The steps in a laparoscopic gallbladder removal surgery include creating three to four incisions in the belly, inserting a laparoscope through one cut and inserting surgical instruments into the other cuts, explains MedlinePlus. The doctor pumps gas into the belly to increase the space, allowing him to operate properly.
Laparoscopic gallbladder removal involves removing the gallbladder using a thin, illuminated tube called a laparoscope, states MedlinePlus. A doctor performs the surgery after administering general anesthesia, which allows the patient to experience a painless operation while asleep. After pumping gas into the belly, the doctor uses a laparoscope to remove the patient's gallbladder.
Surgeons sometimes perform an X-ray, known as a cholangiogram, during gallbladder removal surgery, notes MedlinePlus. They inject a dye that helps discover stones outside the gallbladder into the common bile duct and then take an X-ray photo. They remove the stones using a special instrument. Doctors sometimes perform open surgery, which requires a larger incision, if it is not safe to remove the gallbladder with a laparoscope.
Gallbladder removal surgery is beneficial for patients who experience pain or other symptoms caused by gallstones, according to MedlinePlus. Those with an improperly functioning gallbladder also typically require the surgery. After the surgery, most patients can go home on the day of the surgery or the following day when they are capable of drinking liquids without problems.