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What is stem cell therapy for knee injuries?

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Stem cell therapy for knee injuries is a medical treatment that involves the delivery of stem cells to restore cartilage to an injured knee, according to the National Institutes of Health. The treatment is applied to articular cartilage lesions caused by focal defects, trauma or osteoarthritis. The stem cells used for this therapy include mesenchymal stem cells derived from tissue sources such as bone marrow, adipose tissue, umbilical cord blood, muscle and peripheral blood.

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The most common knee injuries treated with stem cell therapy include pes anersine bursitis, meniscus tears, biceps femoris insertional tendinopathy, cartilage damage, and arthritis or osteoarthritis, as reported by Stem Cell Arts. A stem cell injection is an alternative treatment to surgery or joint replacement. Patients are able to return to normal activity following the stem cell injection and are less susceptible to risks inherent to surgery such as infection or blood clotting.

Patients who receive stem cell therapy to treat knee injuries and osteoarthritis avoid the rehabilitation process that normally accompanies surgery or replacement, according to Rehabilitation and Pain Specialists. Stem cell therapy delivers stem cells to an area that needs an additional number of stem cells to heal injured bone, ligaments, tendons and tissues.

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