There is no standard treatment for spinal stenosis since treatment varies depending on where the condition started and its severity, as stated by Mayo Clinic. There are different treatment options for this condition, including medications, steroid injections, therapy and surgical operation. Changing posture while walking and sleeping can also help in relieving the condition.
Medications used to ease the pain associated with spinal stenosis include muscle relaxants, anti-seizure drugs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids and antidepressants. A physical therapy is necessary for improving balance, enhancing flexibility and building strength, as stated by Mayo Clinic.
Spinal stenosis causes the nerve roots to become swollen and irritated. Steroid injections can be used to reduce pressure and inflammation at the location of the stenosis. However, frequent injections can make the surrounding bones and connective tissue feeble, so only a few are recommended in a year.
Some cases may require a surgical operation if other treatment methods have failed clearing up the condition or when spinal stenosis causes disability. The aim of a surgery is usually to reduce pressure in the nerve roots and spinal cord. The lamina may be removed to create enough space for the spinal cord. Fusing the vertebrae may be necessary for some cases to enhance strength, as stated by Mayo Clinic.