Q:

What is standard treatment for periodontal disease?

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Quick Answer

Nonsurgical options for treating periodontal disease include scaling, root planing and antibiotics, according to Mayo Clinic. Treatments for severe periodontal disease include flap surgery, grafts and tissue regeneration. Periodontitis is a gum infection that can cause deterioration of the gums and bones that support teeth.

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Full Answer

Scaling is a treatment method for periodontal disease that helps to remove bacteria and tartar from the surface of the tooth and under the gums, states Mayo Clinic. The dentist uses instruments or an ultrasonic device for this procedure. In root planing, the dentist smooths the surface of the root. Antibiotics may be used to prevent and control infections around the tooth.

For severe periodontal disease, flap surgery is a treatment option in which a dentist makes incisions in the gums, explains Mayo Clinic. While performing this surgery, the dentist may also recontour the bone if the patient has bone loss due to the disease. Grafts of the skin and bone are other treatments that can help to reverse the condition.

Tissue regeneration allows for the regrowth of bone, states Mayo Clinic. The dentist inserts a piece of biocompatible fabric between the bone and tooth. This prevents tissue from entering the diseased area, which allows the bone to grow back. Periodontitis can be prevented by practicing regular good dental hygiene, Mayo Clinic advises.

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