Standard treatment options for angina that is chronic and stable include angioplasty, various medications and lifestyle changes, explains Mayo Clinic. Examples of medications doctors prescribe for angina are aspirin, beta blockers and statins. Lifestyle changes may involve smoking cessation, an exercise regimen, a healthier diet or stress reduction.
Angioplasty is a surgical procedure during which a physician inserts a small balloon into a narrowed artery causing the angina, notes Mayo Clinic. Once the balloon is in place, the doctor inflates it to open the artery and then implants a wire mesh coil, called a stent, to keep the artery from returning to its narrowed state. Doctors often prefer angioplasty to open heart surgery in cases where the angina is due to an artery blockage because angioplasty carries fewer risks.
Healthy lifestyle changes help complement angioplasty and medication therapy in the treatment of angina, states Mayo Clinic. Losing excess weight, treating underlying health conditions, and finding ways to relax can all reduce heart disease risk and prevent chest pain.
Chronic, stable angina is different than unstable angina, which is characterized by chest pain the patient has never experienced before or that is different than the type of chest pain the patient usually experiences. Unstable angina may signal a heart attack and requires immediate medical attention, warns Mayo Clinic.