Standard infection control policies are guidelines intended to ensure the safety of health care professionals and patients, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Using aseptic techniques to prepare an injection is one example of a standard infection control policy. These policies address various activities and procedures in a health care setting, such as environmental cleaning, hand hygiene, instrument sterilization, injection safety and respiratory hygiene.
Infection control policies are designed to be appropriate for the facilities where they are used, explains the CDC. For instance, some settings may not require high-level disinfection.
Infection prevention policies are often organized in the form of a checklist, according to Infection Control Today. The CDC's checklist details a broad range of best practices for health care facilities, and it provides detailed information on each aspect of infection control.
Hand hygiene is an example of a specific procedure that prevents infection, as noted by the CDC. Health care personnel must have access to hand cleansers, and they must undergo training about their appropriate uses. Correct hand hygiene is broken down into five separate steps, including washing after contact with bodily fluids, contaminated surfaces or blood. Injection safety is another activity governed by infection control policy, and the guidelines for injections include only using syringes and needles on a single patient and applying a date to multi-dose vials. They also concern the proper disposal of needles and syringes.