What Are the Stages of Heart Failure?


Quick Answer

There are four stages of heart failure: stage A, stage B, stage C and stage D, according to WebMD. The treatments for all of these stages are similar and consist of both medication and lifestyle changes.

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What Are the Stages of Heart Failure?
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Full Answer

Stage A heart failure, or preheart failure, means the individual may have diabetes, high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome or coronary artery disease, claims WebMD. Stage B heart failure means the individual has structural heart disease that leads to heart failure, but the signs of heart failure are not present. These people usually have a history of heart attacks, have valve disease without symptoms or a low ejection fraction.

Stage C heart failure is similar to stage B heart failure, except the patient now has signs of heart failure, states WebMD. These symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath and the inability to exercise. Stage D heart failure means the symptoms are present even with treatment.

Treatments for all stages of heart failure include exercising regularly, treating high blood pressure and cholesterol and stopping the use of drugs and alcohol, including cigarettes, claims WebMD. Treatments for heart failure also include medications such as beta-blockers, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, coronary artery bypass or, in extreme cases, a heart transplant.

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