Individuals with stage 3 kidney disease are considered to have moderate kidney damage. During this stage, individuals are at an increased risk of suffering from complications such as anemia, early bone disease and high blood pressure. The main function of the kidneys is to filter wastes and excess fluids from the blood, notes Mayo Clinic.
To decide the best method of treatment, a nephrologist often runs several lab tests to determine the extent of damage and most effective way to treat the condition, states Davita.
Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of stage 3 kidney disease. Individuals are likely to develop swelling in their extremities. Kidney pain that often radiates from the back is another common symptom. Sleep problems and a change in urine color are other symptoms associated with this condition.
The patient's diet is critical during treatment. In most cases, the help of a dietitian is required when it comes to planning meals. Each patient's meal plan is determined according to the lab results.
Keeping glucose levels in check and constant monitoring of blood pressure is key to ensuring proper kidney function during treatment. Staying away from cigarettes and other substances such as alcohol is prudent. Patients are also advised to engage in regular exercise.