Treatments for spinal compression include medication, physical therapy, surgery, acupuncture and chiropractic care. Patients receive treatment from arthritis specialists, bone surgeons, nerve specialists and physical therapists, reports John Hopkins Medicine.
Treatments for spinal compression are intended to reduce pain, to protect nerves and to prevent permanent damage, according to the Canadian Cancer Society. Patients receive steroid injections and use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen to reduce pain and swelling associated with this condition. Exercises to strengthen the back, abdominal muscles and legs help by improving strength and flexibility. Doctors recommend surgery in some cases in order to widen spaces between vertebrae, to relieve pressure on the spine and to repair fractured vertebrae, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Spinal compression is characterized by numbness, pain and weakness in the neck, back, arms, legs or hands. Symptoms occur either suddenly or gradually happen over the course of days, weeks or months, states Merck Manuals. Conditions that cause spinal compression include arthritis, abnormal spine alignment, spinal tumor, bone disease and infection. Diagnosis involves the use of X-rays, CT scans or MRI scans. Prevention includes regular exercise, good posture and a healthy body weight, reports John Hopkins Medicine, although some causes of spinal compression are not preventable.