Pulmonologists are specialists who treat conditions and diseases of the chest, including emphysema, tuberculosis, asthma, pneumonia and complicated infections of the chest, notes the American College of Physicians. Other complex pulmonary issues treated by pulmonologists include injuries to the pulmonary system and pulmonary problems caused by AIDS.
Pulmonology is a subspecialty in internal medicine that concentrates on diseases of the lungs, bronchial tubes and upper respiratory tract. Training for pulmonologists involves the completion of seven or more years of medical school followed by postgraduate training and board certification in internal medicine, reports the American College of Physicians. In addition, pulmonologists also complete another two to three years of study focused on respiratory conditions and diseases.