Mayo Clinic recommends soaking in warm water for 15 to 20 minutes three times a day to soothe hemorrhoids. Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen and ibuprofen reduce hemorrhoid pain and hydrocortisone suppositories or ointments soothe itching. For numbing, use witch hazel pads or cold compresses. Clean the area after bowel movements with wet toilet paper or moist towelettes, and shower or bathe regularly, drying the area thoroughly with a hairdryer.Continue Reading
Prevention of hemorrhoids, as described by Mayo Clinic, centers around reducing pressure on the veins in the rectum. Eliminate straining during bowel movements by drinking adequate fluids and voiding as soon as the urge is felt. A high fiber diet, including fiber supplements, and regular exercise is recommended. Avoiding long periods of sitting is also helpful.
According to WebMD, hemorrhoids that are severe or do not respond to lifestyle changes require medical intervention. In-office treatments such as cauterization, banding and injection work by removing the blood supply from hemorrhoid. Traditional surgery, called a hemorrhoidectomy, is used for very large or painful hemorrhoids.
According to Mayo Clinic, diagnosis of hemorrhoids involves either a manual physical examination or a visual examination of the anus and rectal area using a scope. A full colonoscopy is ordered if the patient is over 50, has risk factors for colon cancer or shows signs of another digestive condition.Learn more about Skin Conditions