How are soft tissue injuries determined?


Quick Answer

Doctors determine soft-tissue injury through active, passive and resistive evaluation of a suspected area, according to the American Chiropractic Association. In a given area, active testing checks its range of motion; passive testing checks its passive tissues, such as ligaments; and resistive testing checks the working of its muscles and tendons. Doctors need to know the exact position of the soft-tissue injury as treatment varies from one site to another.

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Full Answer

Soft tissue injury refers to damage to a tissue area through repetitive motion or acute trauma, explains the American Chiropractic Association. The two primary types of soft-tissue injuries are focal lesions, such as tennis elbow, and global lesions, such as a tight hamstring. Focal lesions affect the tendon, fascia and muscle tissues, with injury and pain contained in one tissue area. Global lesions affect an entire muscle, and injury happens when it constricts or becomes weak.

Treatment for soft-tissue injury includes static and dynamic pressure using techniques such as the Nimmo Receptor-Tonus Method and Graston for focal lesions and rehabilitative exercises for global lesions, states the American Chiropractic Association. Since there is no way to prevent the mishap of a soft-tissue injury, living a healthy lifestyle and proper conditioning may protect the body from injury.

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