What is a sodium chloride 0.9 percent IV?


Quick Answer

Sodium chloride 0.9 percent is a sterile solution used to provide water and electrolytes for hydration in adults and children to treat mild sodium depletion and metabolic alkalosis resulting from fluid loss, according to Drugs.com. "IV" stands for intravenous, which means that it is administered directly into a vein.

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Full Answer

Sodium chloride 0.9 percent solution is also used during hemodialysis procedures and to begin and end blood transfusions without damaging red blood cells, according to Drugs.com. Certain medications are sometimes diluted in this solution prior to infusion. Adverse reactions usually involve the area of injection rather than the blood and include redness, pain or swelling at the site, notes WebMD.

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