The treatment of slow heart rate, or bradycardia, depends on the symptoms and the underlying cause, WebMD notes. Treatment options include changing medications, receiving a pacemaker and treating any disease causing the slow heart rate.
A slow heart rate with no other symptoms is typically not treated, WebMD states. A slow heart rate that develops as a side effects of taking certain medicine may be treated by using another medicine or, if this is not possible, receiving a pacemaker. A pacemaker is generally necessary for patients who have suffered damage to the electrical system of the heart. Patients over 65 are likely to be in this group. Medical conditions that may cause slow heart rate include electrolyte imbalance and hypothyroidism; treating these conditions is likely to improve heart rate.
Changing lifestyle and eating habits can appreciably improve slow heart rate, WebMD explains. As a rule, any habits that result in better heart health will move heart rate toward normal levels. These habits include remaining within a healthy weight range, not smoking, ensuring that blood-related conditions such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure are successfully managed, and maintaining a high level of physical activity. Diet plans including fish, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy foods also contribute to heart health.