Symptoms of sinus cancer include nosebleeds, watery or bulging eyes, facial numbness and frequent pain around the eyes, explains the American Cancer Society. People with sinus cancer may also experience tooth numbness, loss of smell, increased pain or pressure in the ears, and prolonged nasal congestion.
The types of cancer commonly present in nasal and sinus passages include squamous cell carcinoma, sarcoma, midline granulomas and melanoma, according to WebMD. Medical tests used to diagnose sinus cancer include magnetic resonance imaging, nasoscopy, laryngoscopy and biopsy. Physicians also conduct a physical exam and patient history review to uncover potential risk factors.
Treatment options for sinus cancer include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery to remove cancerous sinus tissue and infected bone, states WebMD. People with sinus cancer may undergo one or more treatments if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Regular physician visits and self-monitoring can help detect a sinus cancer recurrence. Treatment options for a cancer recurrence may include enrollment in clinical trials or additional chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery.
The risk factors associated with sinus cancer include smoking, alcoholism and prolonged exposure to harmful dust particles, explains Everyday Health. In addition, men over the age of 40, and those previously diagnosed with human papillomavirus, face an increased risk of developing sinus cancer, claims WebMD.